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Bump

Bump version

About

The version is bumped automatically based on the commits.

The commits should follow the rules of the committer to be parsed correctly.

It is possible to specify a prerelease (alpha, beta, release candidate) version.

The version can also be manually bumped.

The version format follows semantic versioning.

This means MAJOR.MINOR.PATCH

Increment Description Conventional commit map
MAJOR Breaking changes introduced BREAKING CHANGE
MINOR New features feat
PATCH Fixes fix + everything else

Prereleases are supported following python's PEP 0440

The scheme of this format is

[N!]N(.N)*[{a|b|rc}N][.postN][.devN]

Some examples:

0.9.0
0.9.1
0.9.2
0.9.10
0.9.11
1.0.0a0  # alpha
1.0.0a1
1.0.0b0  # beta
1.0.0rc0 # release candidate
1.0.0rc1
1.0.0
1.0.1
1.1.0
2.0.0
2.0.1a

post releases are not supported yet.

Usage

$ cz bump --help
usage: cz bump [-h] [--dry-run] [--files-only] [--local-version] [--changelog]
               [--no-verify] [--yes] [--tag-format TAG_FORMAT]
               [--bump-message BUMP_MESSAGE] [--prerelease {alpha,beta,rc}]
               [--devrelease DEVRELEASE] [--increment {MAJOR,MINOR,PATCH}]
               [--check-consistency] [--annotated-tag] [--gpg-sign]
               [--changelog-to-stdout] [--retry] [--major-version-zero]
               [MANUAL_VERSION]

positional arguments:
  MANUAL_VERSION        bump to the given version (e.g: 1.5.3)

options:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --dry-run             show output to stdout, no commit, no modified files
  --files-only          bump version in the files from the config
  --local-version       bump only the local version portion
  --changelog, -ch      generate the changelog for the newest version
  --no-verify           this option bypasses the pre-commit and commit-msg
                        hooks
  --yes                 accept automatically questions done
  --tag-format TAG_FORMAT
                        the format used to tag the commit and read it, use it
                        in existing projects, wrap around simple quotes
  --bump-message BUMP_MESSAGE
                        template used to create the release commit, useful
                        when working with CI
  --prerelease {alpha,beta,rc}, -pr {alpha,beta,rc}
                        choose type of prerelease
  --devrelease DEVRELEASE, -d DEVRELEASE
                        specify non-negative integer for dev. release
  --increment {MAJOR,MINOR,PATCH}
                        manually specify the desired increment
  --check-consistency, -cc
                        check consistency among versions defined in commitizen
                        configuration and version_files
  --annotated-tag, -at  create annotated tag instead of lightweight one
  --gpg-sign, -s        sign tag instead of lightweight one
  --changelog-to-stdout
                        Output changelog to the stdout
  --retry               retry commit if it fails the 1st time
  --major-version-zero  keep major version at zero, even for breaking changes

--files-only

Bumps the version in the files defined in version_files without creating a commit and tag on the git repository,

cz bump --files-only

--changelog

Generate a changelog along with the new version and tag when bumping.

cz bump --changelog

--check-consistency

Check whether the versions defined in version_files and the version in commitizen configuration are consistent before bumping version.

cz bump --check-consistency

For example, if we have pyproject.toml

[tool.commitizen]
version = "1.21.0"
version_files = [
    "src/__version__.py",
    "setup.py",
]

src/__version__.py,

__version__ = "1.21.0"

and setup.py.

...
    version="1.0.5"
...

If --check-consistency is used, commitizen will check whether the current version in pyproject.toml exists in all version_files and find out it does not exist in setup.py and fails. However, it will still update pyproject.toml and src/__version__.py.

To fix it, you'll first git checkout . to reset to the status before trying to bump and update the version in setup.py to 1.21.0

--local-version

Bump the local portion of the version.

cz bump --local-version

For example, if we have pyproject.toml

[tool.commitizen]
version = "5.3.5+0.1.0"

If --local-version is used, it will bump only the local version 0.1.0 and keep the public version 5.3.5 intact, bumping to the version 5.3.5+0.2.0.

--annotated-tag

If --annotated-tag is used, commitizen will create annotated tags. Also available via configuration, in pyproject.toml or .cz.toml.

--changelog-to-stdout

If --changelog-to-stdout is used, the incremental changelog generated by the bump will be sent to the stdout, and any other message generated by the bump will be sent to stderr.

If --changelog is not used with this command, it is still smart enough to understand that the user wants to create a changelog. It is recommened to be explicit and use --changelog (or the setting update_changelog_on_bump).

This command is useful to "transport" the newly created changelog. It can be sent to an auditing system, or to create a Github Release.

Example:

cz bump --changelog --changelog-to-stdout > body.md

--retry

If you use tools like pre-commit, add this flag. It will retry the commit if it fails the 1st time.

Useful to combine with code formatters, like Prettier.

--major-version-zero

A project in its initial development should have a major version zero, and even breaking changes should not bump that major version from zero. This command ensures that behavior.

If --major-version-zero is used for projects that have a version number greater than zero it fails. If used together with a manual version the command also fails.

We recommend setting major_version_zero = true in your configuration file while a project is in its initial development. Remove that configuration using a breaking-change commit to bump your project’s major version to v1.0.0 once your project has reached maturity.

Avoid raising errors

Some situations from commitizen rise an exit code different than 0. If the error code is different than 0, any CI or script running commitizen might be interrupted.

If you have special use case, where you don't want one of this error codes to be raised, you can tell commitizen to not raise them.

At the moment, we've identified that the most common error code to skip is

Error name Exit code
NoneIncrementExit 21

There are some situations where you don't want to get an error code when some commits do not match your rules, you just want those commits to be skipped.

cz -nr 21 bump

Easy way

Check which error code was raised by commitizen by running in the terminal

echo $?

The output should be an integer like this

3

And then you can tell commitizen to ignore it:

cz --no-raise 3

You can tell commitizen to skip more than one if needed:

cz --no-raise 3,4,5

Longer way

Check the list of exit_codes and understand which one you have to skip and why.

Remember to document somewhere this, because you'll forget.

For example if the system raises a NoneIncrementExit error, you look it up on the list and then you can use the exit code:

cz -nr 21 bump

Configuration

tag_format

It is used to read the format from the git tags, and also to generate the tags.

Commitizen supports 2 types of formats, a simple and a more complex.

cz bump --tag-format="v$version"
cz bump --tag-format="v$minor.$major.$patch$prerelease.$devrelease"

In your pyproject.toml or .cz.toml

[tool.commitizen]
tag_format = "v$major.$minor.$patch$prerelease"

The variables must be preceded by a $ sign.

Supported variables:

Variable Description
$version full generated version
$major MAJOR increment
$minor MINOR increment
$patch PATCH increment
$prerelease Prerelease (alpha, beta, release candidate)
$devrelease Development release

version_files *

It is used to identify the files which should be updated with the new version. It is also possible to provide a pattern for each file, separated by colons (:).

Commitizen will update it's configuration file automatically (pyproject.toml, .cz) when bumping, regarding if the file is present or not in version_files.

* Renamed from files to version_files.

Some examples

pyproject.toml or .cz.toml

[tool.commitizen]
version_files = [
    "src/__version__.py",
    "setup.py:version"
]

In the example above, we can see the reference "setup.py:version". This means that it will find a file setup.py and will only make a change in a line containing the version substring.


bump_message

Template used to specify the commit message generated when bumping.

defaults to: bump: version $current_version → $new_version

Variable Description
$current_version the version existing before bumping
$new_version version generated after bumping

Some examples

pyproject.toml or .cz.toml

[tool.commitizen]
bump_message = "release $current_version → $new_version [skip-ci]"

update_changelog_on_bump

When set to true the changelog is always updated incrementally when running cz bump, so the user does not have to provide the --changelog flag every time.

defaults to: false

[tool.commitizen]
update_changelog_on_bump = true

annotated_tag

When set to true commitizen will create annotated tags.

[tool.commitizen]
annotated_tag = true

gpg_sign

When set to true commitizen will create gpg signed tags.

[tool.commitizen]
gpg_sign = true

major_version_zero

When set to true commitizen will keep the major version at zero. Useful during the initial development stage of your project.

Defaults to: false

[tool.commitizen]
major_version_zero = true

Custom bump

Read the customizing section.