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Customization

Customizing commitizen is not hard at all. We have two different ways to do so.

1. Customize in configuration file

This is only supported when configuring through toml or json (e.g., pyproject.toml, .cz.toml, .cz.json, and cz.json)

The basic steps are:

  1. Define your custom committing or bumping rules in the configuration file.
  2. Declare name = "cz_customize" in your configuration file, or add -n cz_customize when running commitizen.

Example:

[tool.commitizen]
name = "cz_customize"

[tool.commitizen.customize]
message_template = "{{change_type}}:{% if show_message %} {{message}}{% endif %}"
example = "feature: this feature enable customize through config file"
schema = "<type>: <body>"
schema_pattern = "(feature|bug fix):(\\s.*)"
bump_pattern = "^(break|new|fix|hotfix)"
bump_map = {"break" = "MAJOR", "new" = "MINOR", "fix" = "PATCH", "hotfix" = "PATCH"}
change_type_order = ["BREAKING CHANGE", "feat", "fix", "refactor", "perf"]
info_path = "cz_customize_info.txt"
info = """
This is customized info
"""

[[tool.commitizen.customize.questions]]
type = "list"
name = "change_type"
choices = [{value = "feature", name = "feature: A new feature."}, {value = "bug fix", name = "bug fix: A bug fix."}]
# choices = ["feature", "fix"]  # short version
message = "Select the type of change you are committing"

[[tool.commitizen.customize.questions]]
type = "input"
name = "message"
message = "Body."

[[tool.commitizen.customize.questions]]
type = "confirm"
name = "show_message"
message = "Do you want to add body message in commit?"

The equivalent example for a json config file:

{
    "commitizen": {
    "name": "cz_customize",
        "customize": {
            "message_template": "{{change_type}}:{% if show_message %} {{message}}{% endif %}",
            "example": "feature: this feature enable customize through config file",
            "schema": "<type>: <body>",
            "schema_pattern": "(feature|bug fix):(\\s.*)",
            "bump_pattern": "^(break|new|fix|hotfix)",
            "bump_map": {
                "break": "MAJOR",
                "new": "MINOR",
                "fix": "PATCH",
                "hotfix": "PATCH"
            },
            "change_type_order": ["BREAKING CHANGE", "feat", "fix", "refactor", "perf"],
        "info_path": "cz_customize_info.txt",
            "info": "This is customized info",
            "questions": [
                {
                    "type": "list",
                    "name": "change_type",
                    "choices": [
                        {
                            "value": "feature",
                            "name": "feature: A new feature."
                        },
                        {
                            "value": "bug fix",
                            "name": "bug fix: A bug fix."
                        }
                    ],
                    "message": "Select the type of change you are committing"
                },
                {
                    "type": "input",
                    "name": "message",
                    "message": "Body."
                },
                {
                    "type": "confirm",
                    "name": "show_message",
                    "message": "Do you want to add body message in commit?"
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

And the correspondent example for a yaml json file:

commitizen:
  name: cz_customize
  customize:
    message_template: "{{change_type}}:{% if show_message %} {{message}}{% endif %}"
    example: 'feature: this feature enable customize through config file'
    schema: "<type>: <body>"
    schema_pattern: "(feature|bug fix):(\\s.*)"
    bump_pattern: "^(break|new|fix|hotfix)"
    bump_map:
      break: MAJOR
      new: MINOR
      fix: PATCH
      hotfix: PATCH
    change_type_order: ["BREAKING CHANGE", "feat", "fix", "refactor", "perf"]
    info_path: cz_customize_info.txt
    info: This is customized info
    questions:
    - type: list
      name: change_type
      choices:
      - value: feature
        name: 'feature: A new feature.'
      - value: bug fix
        name: 'bug fix: A bug fix.'
      message: Select the type of change you are committing
    - type: input
      name: message
      message: Body.
    - type: confirm
      name: show_message
      message: Do you want to add body message in commit?

Customize configuration

Parameter Type Default Description
questions dict None Questions regarding the commit message. Detailed below.
message_template str None The template for generating message from the given answers. message_template should either follow Jinja2 formatting specification, and all the variables in this template should be defined in name in questions
example str None (OPTIONAL) Provide an example to help understand the style. Used by cz example.
schema str None (OPTIONAL) Show the schema used. Used by cz schema.
schema_pattern str None (OPTIONAL) The regular expression used to do commit message validation. Used by cz check.
info_path str None (OPTIONAL) The path to the file that contains explanation of the commit rules. Used by cz info. If not provided cz info, will load info instead.
info str None (OPTIONAL) Explanation of the commit rules. Used by cz info.
bump_map dict None (OPTIONAL) Dictionary mapping the extracted information to a SemVer increment type (MAJOR, MINOR, PATCH)
bump_pattern str None (OPTIONAL) Regex to extract information from commit (subject and body)
change_type_order str None (OPTIONAL) List of strings used to order the Changelog. All other types will be sorted alphabetically. Default is ["BREAKING CHANGE", "feat", "fix", "refactor", "perf"]

Detailed questions content

Parameter Type Default Description
type str None The type of questions. Valid type: list, input and etc. See More
name str None The key for the value answered by user. It's used in message_template
message str None Detail description for the question.
choices list None (OPTIONAL) The choices when type = list. Either use a list of values or a list of dictionaries with name and value keys. Keyboard shortcuts can be defined via key. See examples above.
default Any None (OPTIONAL) The default value for this question.
filter str None (Optional) Validator for user's answer. (Work in Progress)

Shortcut keys

When the use_shortcuts config option is enabled, commitizen can show and use keyboard shortcuts to select items from lists directly. For example, when using the cz_conventional_commits commitizen template, shortcut keys are shown when selecting the commit type. Unless otherwise defined, keyboard shortcuts will be numbered automatically. To specify keyboard shortcuts for your custom choices, provide the shortcut using the key parameter in dictionary form for each choice you would like to customize.

2. Customize through customizing a class

The basic steps are:

  1. Inheriting from BaseCommitizen
  2. Give a name to your rules.
  3. Expose the class at the end of your file assigning it to discover_this
  4. Create a python package starting with cz_ using setup.py, poetry, etc

Check an example on how to configure BaseCommitizen.

You can also automate the steps above through cookiecutter.

cookiecutter gh:commitizen-tools/commitizen_cz_template

See commitizen_cz_template for detail.

Custom commit rules

Create a file starting with cz_, for example cz_jira.py. This prefix is used to detect the plug-in. Same method flask uses

Inherit from BaseCommitizen, and you must define questions and message. The others are optional.

from commitizen.cz.base import BaseCommitizen

class JiraCz(BaseCommitizen):

    def questions(self) -> list:
        """Questions regarding the commit message."""
        questions = [
            {
                'type': 'input',
                'name': 'title',
                'message': 'Commit title'
            },
            {
                'type': 'input',
                'name': 'issue',
                'message': 'Jira Issue number:'
            },
        ]
        return questions

    def message(self, answers: dict) -> str:
        """Generate the message with the given answers."""
        return '{0} (#{1})'.format(answers['title'], answers['issue'])

    def example(self) -> str:
        """Provide an example to help understand the style (OPTIONAL)

        Used by `cz example`.
        """
        return 'Problem with user (#321)'

    def schema(self) -> str:
        """Show the schema used (OPTIONAL)

        Used by `cz schema`.
        """
        return '<title> (<issue>)'

    def info(self) -> str:
        """Explanation of the commit rules. (OPTIONAL)

        Used by `cz info`.
        """
        return 'We use this because is useful'


discover_this = JiraCz  # used by the plug-in system

The next file required is setup.py modified from flask version.

from setuptools import setup

setup(
    name='JiraCommitizen',
    version='0.1.0',
    py_modules=['cz_jira'],
    license='MIT',
    long_description='this is a long description',
    install_requires=['commitizen']
)

So in the end, we would have

.
├── cz_jira.py
└── setup.py

And that's it. You can install it without uploading to pypi by simply doing pip install .

If you feel like it should be part of this repo, create a PR.

Custom bump rules

You need to define 2 parameters inside your custom BaseCommitizen.

Parameter Type Default Description
bump_pattern str None Regex to extract information from commit (subject and body)
bump_map dict None Dictionary mapping the extracted information to a SemVer increment type (MAJOR, MINOR, PATCH)

Let's see an example.

from commitizen.cz.base import BaseCommitizen


class StrangeCommitizen(BaseCommitizen):
    bump_pattern = r"^(break|new|fix|hotfix)"
    bump_map = {"break": "MAJOR", "new": "MINOR", "fix": "PATCH", "hotfix": "PATCH"}

That's it, your commitizen now supports custom rules, and you can run.

cz -n cz_strange bump

Custom changelog generator

The changelog generator should just work in a very basic manner without touching anything. You can customize it of course, and this are the variables you need to add to your custom BaseCommitizen.

Parameter Type Required Description
commit_parser str NO Regex which should provide the variables explained in the changelog description
changelog_pattern str NO Regex to validate the commits, this is useful to skip commits that don't meet your ruling standards like a Merge. Usually the same as bump_pattern
change_type_map dict NO Convert the title of the change type that will appear in the changelog, if a value is not found, the original will be provided
changelog_message_builder_hook method: (dict, git.GitCommit) -> dict NO Customize with extra information your message output, like adding links, this function is executed per parsed commit. Each GitCommit contains the following attrs: rev, title, body, author, author_email
changelog_hook method: (full_changelog: str, partial_changelog: Optional[str]) -> str NO Receives the whole and partial (if used incremental) changelog. Useful to send slack messages or notify a compliance department. Must return the full_changelog
from commitizen.cz.base import BaseCommitizen
import chat
import compliance

class StrangeCommitizen(BaseCommitizen):
    changelog_pattern = r"^(break|new|fix|hotfix)"
    commit_parser = r"^(?P<change_type>feat|fix|refactor|perf|BREAKING CHANGE)(?:\((?P<scope>[^()\r\n]*)\)|\()?(?P<breaking>!)?:\s(?P<message>.*)?"
    change_type_map = {
        "feat": "Features",
        "fix": "Bug Fixes",
        "refactor": "Code Refactor",
        "perf": "Performance improvements"
    }

    def changelog_message_builder_hook(self, parsed_message: dict, commit: git.GitCommit) -> dict:
        rev = commit.rev
        m = parsed_message["message"]
        parsed_message["message"] = f"{m} {rev} [{commit.author}]({commit.author_email})"
        return parsed_message

    def changelog_hook(self, full_changelog: str, partial_changelog: Optional[str]) -> str:
        """Executed at the end of the changelog generation

        full_changelog: it's the output about to being written into the file
        partial_changelog: it's the new stuff, this is useful to send slack messages or
                           similar

        Return:
            the new updated full_changelog
        """
        if partial_changelog:
            chat.room("#committers").notify(partial_changelog)
        if full_changelog:
            compliance.send(full_changelog)
        full_changelog.replace(' fix ', ' **fix** ')
        return full_changelog

Raise Customize Exception

If you want commitizen to catch your exception and print the message, you'll have to inherit CzException.

from commitizen.cz.exception import CzException

class NoSubjectProvidedException(CzException):
    ...